Strabismus surgery, which is also known as Eye Muscle Surgery, is a surgery to correct eye misalignment, which is called strabismus.
To understand how strabismus surgery is worked, consider that each of your eyes has six outside muscles (called extraocular muscle) to control the movement of the eye. If the muscle is too strong, it may cause the eye to turn in, turn out or rotate too high or low. The weakness of the eye muscle can also cause misalignment in some cases. Eye muscle surgery involves detaching and reattaching the muscles to another position on the eye.
Consequently, there are two types of surgeries to treat eye misalignment or strabismus. The surgeon either loosens the muscle or tightens it to cure this problem. The surgery is mostly done on children because strabismus is a congenital problem.