Dental implant is implementation of metal device in patient’s jawbone to provide stable platform and support to attach an artificial tooth, crown, denture to the jaw. The procedure is used to replace a damaged or missing tooth with an artificial one.
A dental implant consists of three parts: crown, abutment and screw. Crown is the top part of an implant which looks like your natural tooth. Abutment functions as a connector, attaching the crown to the screw. Screw functions as the root of your tooth, stabilizing the crown into the jawbone.
Implants are widely made out of titanium and titanium alloys. In some cases, zirconia is preferred to be used.
Some patients may only get their screw implant done abroad and crown placement in their home country, while others may do the whole procedure abroad by travelling twice.
Before the dental implant procedure, the condition of teeth and roots will be checked by set of dental x-rays (dental panorex).
In some case, one may need a bone graft surgery prior to implant if the jawbone is not sufficient to receive/hold the implant.
If a bone graft surgery is performed, it will take a couple of months for jawbone to heal.
Dental implant procedure is done with local anesthesia and normally consists of two sessions.
In the first session, the dentist makes an incision into the gum where the implant should be placed. He will then pushes back the gum tissue to expose the bone. A small drill is used to make a hole in the bone. The hole will be at a place where the implant will be inserted. He will then screw the titanium implant in. Once the implant is placed, the abutment can be put in place over the implant. A temporary dental crown is then placed over the abutment. There will be a break of at least 3 months between the two sessions.
In the second session, the temporary dental crown will be replaced with the permanent dental crown or bridge. The bone needs at least 2 months to heal completely and to tighten the implant in place. The healing time might be different based on patients’ conditions.
Tooth implants are metal devices placed in patient’s jawbone to attach an artificial tooth or crowns.
Swelling of the face and gums, bruising of the gums, feeling pain at the site of your implant surgery, and minor bleeding are normal during the first days after dental implant surgery.