A facelift, which is also known as a rhytidectomy, is a procedure to rejuvenate the skin of face by repositioning facial skins, fats, and muscles. Typically a full facelift involves a lower or mid facelift, a forehead lift and sometimes eyelid surgery.
For patients who are unable to have surgery for medical reasons, non-surgical facelift which is called thread lift is recommended.
Before the rhytidectomy procedure, patient will have an initial consultation session with the surgeon to discuss about the surgical options. The surgeon takes photographs of face and measures the face to examine and find out the best options to reach the patient's goal. The surgeon will also let the patient know about the complications and potential risks of this surgery and help the patient to choose the best option for surgery and anesthesia type.
Other general recommendations before the procedure are:
Facelift is done by different techniques depending on the degree of changes the patient wants. The technique choices are: traditional facelift, limited incision facelift, or neck lift. Depending on technique, the anesthesia type can be either general or intravenous sedation.
The surgeon makes incisions in the temple hair and continue it towards the earlobe and around it, under the ear before finally ending in the hairline behind the ear. The surgeon then removes the excess fat from under the skin, jowls or necks and lifts the skin and muscles. The surgeon may strengthen and tighten the underlying muscle by using sutures, but this is only done in certain cases. The excess skin is carefully removed and the site is closed with sutures at the end.
The face will be bandaged for a few days, and a fluid drainage tube may be attached. The patient needs to have another appointment in 7 to 12 days following the surgery to remove stitches. Facelift scars are hidden in the hairline or in the natural creases of the skin, so they are not visible.
The incisions for the facelift procedure depend on the techniques that will be used and the patient's preferences.
Most patients reported experiencing swelling, bruising, pain, numbness, and soreness after the surgery.