Gastric sleeve or sleeve gastrectomy is a type of weight loss surgery in which a large part of stomach is removed. In this procedure, 60 to 80 percent of stomach is removed, and the stomach gains the shape of sleeve or tube as the result.
Removing a large part of stomach make patients eat less and change his diet. The procedure can be performed as an open surgery or as a laparoscopic surgery. It is one of the most common and effective ways of weight loss so far.
It is important to know that the procedure is irreversible and the size of stomach is permanently reduced. There are however patients who experienced stomach dilatation after a long time i.e. after 10 years. However, gastric sleeve surgery is not the only solution to reduce the size of stomach, there are other options such as gastric banding, gastric plication, or gastric bypass which lead to the same result.
The patient should go under various tests and physical exams ahead of surgery to make sure that the surgery will have no risk. There are some general advises for patients in the weeks leading up to surgery:
Gastic sleeve surgery is performed laparoscopically while the patient is adminestrated general anesthesia.
The surgeon creates upto 6 incisions around the abdomen. Using a stapling device, the stomach is devided to two sections; The section to remove, and the banana shape of stomach (sleeve) that remains. The surgeon removes the excised portion of stomach through incisions, and sutures or staples the remaining together.
In ordert o make sure that the new stomach is sealed and have no leaks, a colored liquid is injected into sleeve at the end.
Part of stomach will be removed during the gastric sleeve surgery so the stomach will be reduced in size.
The most common discomfort is pain and soreness for few days. Some patients may experience diarrhoea.
The patient will initially feel pain after the surgery. He/she may take pain killer for the first week. The most important post procedure care is to follow doctors’ dietary advices. The long term success depends on your cares, diet and regular exercises.
The digestive system needs time to adjust. You can safely return to work and normal activates in about 1 month.