Strabismus surgery, which is also known as Eye Muscle Surgery, is a surgery to correct eye misalignment, which is called strabismus.
To understand how strabismus surgery is worked, consider that each of your eyes has six outside muscles (called extraocular muscle) to control the movement of the eye. If the muscle is too strong, it may cause the eye to turn in, turn out or rotate too high or low. The weakness of the eye muscle can also cause misalignment in some cases. Eye muscle surgery involves detaching and reattaching the muscles to another position on the eye.
Consequently, there are two types of surgeries to treat eye misalignment or strabismus. The surgeon either loosens the muscle or tightens it to cure this problem. The surgery is mostly done on children because strabismus is a congenital problem.
Strabismus surgery is performed under general anesthesia. A small instrument called an eyelid speculum is used to hold the eye open. The surgeon then makes a small incision on the clear covering of the white part of the eye. Through this incision, the surgeon will shorten the eye muscle to strengthen it or move it back from its initial position to weaken it. At a result, the eyes will be aligned.
The incision is so small that there is rarely any visible scarring. When the stitches are in place and the surgery is over, the surgeon will patch the eye. However, in some cases the eyes might leave uncovered.
If one out of six outside muscles of the eye works stronger Strabismus happens.
Sore, redness and blurry vision are among the common discomfort after strabismus surgery.
Call your doctor if you have any symptoms of infection such as yellow or green eye drainage or vision loss. Fever, nausea and vomiting are among other symptoms that may be cause for concern.